Cold War- Europe

Notes




Review

  • Aftermath of WWII
    • USSR vs US
      • Ideological struggle
        • Communism vs Capitalism
        • Totalitarianism vs Democracy
    • Timeline - 1947- 1991
  • Key Elements
    • Berlin
      • Split in half - West Berlin (democracy) vs East Berlin (soviet controlled)
      • Germany is also split in half (West vs East)
      • Blockade - Subsequent Berlin Air Lifts
      • Berlin Wall - Splits ONLY the city.
    • Iron Curtain
      • Metaphor - Reference to the boundaries of Soviet Political Power - Controlled all of Eastern Europe.
      • Cut off from outside communication.
      • All nations witin the Iron Curtain, that are NOT part of the USSR are SATELLITE STATES
    • USSR Goals
      • Spread of Communism
      • USSR would lead the world as a communist superpower
    • US Goals
      • Containment - stop the spread of communism
      • Force communist systems to die out on their own
      • Tools
        • Truman Doctrine - US would support ($$$$$) ANY NON COMMUNIST who is fighting against communist.
          • South Korea, Afghanistan, Vietnam, Cuban Revolutionaries, Greece, Turkey, Taiwan.
        • Marshall Plan - We paid $$$ (loans) to rebuild Europe. Win the Hearts and Minds of Europeans. Help them like Capitalism.
    • Conflicts
      • Cuban Missle Crisis - US victory (Bay of Pigs)
      • Vietnam War - US Loss
      • Suez Crisis - Draw
      • Korean War - Draw/ US Victory
      • Berlin Blockade/Berlin Wall - US Victory
      • Arms Race - Build up of Nuclear Weapons - EVERYONE LOSES
      • Space Race - US Victory
      • 1980 Olympics - US Hockey beats the Soviet Hockey Team
      • Afghanistan - Soviet Loss
    • The Late Cold War
      • Gorbachev in USSR
        • glastnost and perestroika
        • Collapse of the USSR in 1991
        • Fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989
      • Russia Today